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The recent methodological and technological developments of the Sound Perception and Design team will be briefely contextualized and put in perspective of the current research activities of the team. Among these new developments, a focus will be explicitely done on the environement Speak for Web.
SpeaK for Web is web application developed for the SpeaK project aiming to propose a collaborative platform for organizing, presenting and sharing sound lexicons combining words, definitions and sound examples. The lexicon words4sounds.speak is the first sound lexicon available for SpeaK. It provides a list of words frequently used to describe the perceived characteristics of a sound. Each word is related to a sound characteristic explained by a definition and highlighted by a corpus of sound examples
created at Ircam by composer Roque Rivas.
Nicolas Misdariis is a research director, head of Ircam STMS Lab / Sound Perception & Design group, and presently deputy-head of the Ircam STMS Lab. He is graduated from an engineering school specialized in mechanics (1993), he got his Master thesis on applied acoustics and his PhD on synthesis/reproduction/perception of musical and environmental sounds. He defended, some years ago, his HDR (Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches) on the topic of Sciences of Sound Design. He has been working at Ircam as a research fellow since 1995 and contributed, in 1999, to the introduction of sound design in the Institute. During that time, he developed research works and industrial applications related to sound synthesis and reproduction, environmental sound and soundscape perception, auditory display, human-machine interfaces (HMI), interactive sonification and sound design. Since 2010, he is also a reguler lecturer in the Sound Design Master at the High School of Art and Design in Le Mans (ESAD TALM, Le Mans).
As Director of Research at IRCAM, an important issue in my work was to design an experimental and theoretical framework making it possible to combine research on perception with sound design applications by addressing several questions: How do we communicate the characteristics of a sound? What are the perceptive dimensions of timbre that underlie the qualities and identity of a sound? How does the signification of a sound depend on a process of interaction between an individual and their environment? These works are still in progress, but we can find some of the answers to these questions in recent works in which I participated: Measurements with Persons (Psychology Press, 2013), Sonic Interaction Design (MIT Press, 2013), and Frontiers of Sound in Design (Springer, 2018). This research is carried out through collaborations with composers as well as in an educational setting, notably with the creation of the diploma in Sound Design at école des Beaux Arts du Mans where I have taught since 2010.
Another focus in my work is the cognitive processes involved in the perception of complex, multi-source soundscapes (non-stationary), notably in terms of interaction between local and global information. This subject is studied in close collaboration with two other CNRS laboratories: the LMA in Marseille and the CRNL in Lyon.